Bird Friendly Guidelines offer design based solutions to make glass on buildings more visible to birds, in an effort to reduce bird-window collisions. The Guidelines will provide guidance for planners, architects, designers, and builders on available treatments which can be used to reduce bird strikes on both new and existing buildings.
There has been growing awareness amongst Markham Council and staff regarding the issue of bird-window collisions. According to Dr. Daniel Klem, a prominent researcher on bird-window collisions in North America, bird strikes on buildings are the second largest cause of bird fatalities and injury, exceeded only by cats.
Markham has been active in creating bird friendly buildings through initiatives such as:
The development of Bird Friendly Guidelines for Markham is identified as a priority in the Greenprint - Markham’s Sustainability Plan (2011) and Markham’s new Official Plan (2013). With a large portion of Markham’s future growth anticipated to be in more dense urban centres, it is timely to develop more comprehensive guidelines to address and manage bird-window collisions over the long term.
The City retained North-South Environmental Inc. to conduct a study and develop Bird Friendly Guidelines. The purpose of the study was to provide background information regarding bird strikes within the Markham context and best management practices for the reduction of bird-window collisions. The Guidelines provide guidance on treatments and techniques for new development and retrofit design treatments, and identify appropriate implementation mechanisms consistent with City practices and guidelines.
Industry stakeholders and staff were consulted during the consultation process for this project. Comments received were considered in the development of the Bird Friendly Guidelines.
Managing bird strikes in Markham requires a multi-faceted approach and therefore a number of actions have been recommended in the study as follows:
On February 4, 2014 Development Services Committee received a presentation, report (with Appendix B and C) and Final Bird Friendly Guidelines (January 2014). Council endorsed the Guidelines on February 11, 2014.
Development Services Commission