Cycling Laws and Regulations

Under the Ontario Highway Traffic Act, a bicycle is considered a vehicle and cyclists have the same rights and responsibilities to obey all traffic law as motorists.

 

Cyclists can be ticketed for:

 

Offence

Section

Set Fine

Improper bicycle lighting

62(17)

$85

Improper brakes on bicycle

64(3)

$85

No or defective bell/horn

75(5)

$85

Fail to wear proper helmet

104 (2.1, 2.2)

$60

Cyclists riding in crossover or crosswalk

140 (6) & 144(29)

$85

Fail to signal a turn

142(1)

$85

Fail to obey stop sign

136 (1a)

$85

Fail to signal for turn

142(1)

$85

Fail to stop at a red light

144(18)

$260

Attaching to a vehicle

178(1)

$85

Carry a passenger on a bicycle

178(2)

$85

Fail to stop and identify self when stopped by police

218(1) (2)

$85



“Dooring”:

Driver or passenger of a vehicle can be penalized for improper opening of a vehicle door that interferes or endangers another person or vehicle. The set fine is $300 upon conviction and 3 demerit points (Section 165 (1)(a)).


 

One Metre Passing Law:

In 2005, Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act was changed where motorists must leave at least one metre of space between their car and a person riding a bicycle. This may mean waiting to pass until the roadway ahead is free of other/oncoming traffic and leaving at least one metre when you do pass. The set fine is $85 (Section 148 (6.1)).